Pry the molding off the wall working at each stud. Drive a broad chisel-type joint knife between the baseboard and wall. Pull out on the handle several times to loosen the molding enough to wedge a crowbar behind it.
A junction box has several holes with removable plugs in the sides and back. Choose holes conveniently located for the cables you are splicing and remove the plugs. Have a cable clamp for each one and loosen the screws to open the collar. Pull about 8 to 10 inches of cable through the clamp and tighten the collar around it so it’s firmly held but not pinching the plastic.
Thread the connector clockwise onto the twisted wires, being sure no bare copper is exposed at the bottom. Pull gently on the connector to be sure it’s secure. You can wrap electrical tape around the wires and cap for extra security or just push the splices into the back of the box and attach the cover plate.
To install a fixture using a coupler, thread the rod into the center hole in the mounting strap and set the rod depth so the fixture base will fit snuggly against the ceiling when it’s installed. Measure the depth of the cover plate to estimate placement, precision isn’t necessary here, small adjustments can be made to the position after the installation by turning the coupler nut. Be sure all the wires are stripped for splicing, hold the fixture up and feed them through the threaded rod into the outlet box.
A rigid, flat metal tape used to run electrical cable through a finished wall or ceiling. The rigid nature of the tape makes it possible to push it past most obstructions in the wall cavity by turning the reel to either side. See Run New Wiring for more about fishing cable.
If the existing receptacle or switch is connected through the holes in the back, push a jewelers screwdriver or similarly shaped tool into the slot next to each hole to release the clamp pressure and pull the wire free.
Electricity that is flowing from one place to another is called current. The volume of electrical current is measured in amperes or amps.
Mark and cut a hole about 4 inches wide in the wall to expose the top plate and a few inches of the wall cavity. Also cut a few inches into the ceiling to allow for reaching in to grab the fish tape.