This page offers some options for locating an electrical source for a new wall receptacle or a light fixture, and running the new cable required. To make this job easier, it’s best to have a second person at one end or the other of a new run, to sight the end of the fish tape and help guide cable. Also be sure to always turn off the affected circuits before working on household electricity.
Use a drywall saw and knife to cut drywall and gypsum board plaster, use a reciprocating or keyhole saw to cut wood lath plaster. With the framing exposed, use a small saw to cut two vertical kerfs in the plate about an inch apart and then use a wood chisel to chip out a notch about ½inch or so deep, between the cuts.
An easier alternative to repairing the damage is to use one coat of mud and then cover the rough repair with a preformed medallion. A plastic medallion can be installed using caulk to stick it to the surface or using the fixture cover plate to hold it in place. You can also get a plaster medallion, these should be installed using setting joint compound or plaster of Paris to attach it to the ceiling. Keep pressure on the medallion to hold it in place until the mud has set.
Place the hooks so they point in a clockwise direction and the insulation runs all the way up to the screw. Don’t leave any bare wire between the terminal and the insulation. Tighten the screws to clamp the wires down. Same goes for clamps that are tighten over a straight wire, there should be no bare copper showing.