Mark each stud for notching using one of the nail guards as a template. Use a handsaw to cut the top and bottom lines for the notch to the depth of the plate thickness.
A junction box has several holes with removable plugs in the sides and back. Choose holes conveniently located for the cables you are splicing and remove the plugs. Have a cable clamp for each one and loosen the screws to open the collar. Pull about 8 to 10 inches of cable through the clamp and tighten the collar around it so it’s firmly held but not pinching the plastic.
Test for continuity, voltage, current and resistance. Both analog and digital meters are available. A digital meter is simple to use, easy to read and inexpensive. Analog meters are not as easy use or read and are becoming obsolete.
Two or more wires housed in a protective sheathing is referred to as electrical cable. Armored, UF and NM are all names for household electrical cable. Each cable type is available for different wire gauge. Standard household electrical cable ranges from 14 awg (american wire gauge) to 6 awg, with 14 having the smallest conductors and 6 having the largest. In household electrical systems 14 gauge wire is used for 15 amp circuits, 12 gauge for 20 amp circuits, 10 awg for 30 amps, 8 awg for 40amps and 6 awg for 50 and 60 amp circuits.
Where no means exists within the snap switch enclosure for connecting to the equipment grounding conductor or where the wiring method does not include or provide an equipment grounding conductor, a snap switch without a connection to an equipment grounding conductor shall be permitted for replacement purposes only.
If the wiring is correct turn the power off and install the device in the outlet box. Carefully fold the wires to fit into the box and push the device with your palm until it sits flat and is aligned with the mounting holes. Drive the mounting strap screws and shift the replacement of the device left or right as necessary to square it in the box as you tighten them down. Install the cover plate, turn the circuit back on and test the device again.
A current-carrying wire in an electrical circuit, also called the grounded circuit wire, it serves as the return path for current, and is connected to ground at the service panel. In household electrical circuits the neutral wire is colored white or gray. Some circuits make use of the white or gray wire as a hot wire, when this is done it will be marked with black tape or paint to identify it as hot.
Try to remove the wallboard cleanly so it can be reattached when you’re done. The baseboard can be reinstalled without replacing the wallboard, but this will create easy access for pest such as rodents, as well as drafts from cold air during the winter.